Digitale Währungen: Bitcoin und Co - Stiftung ... - test

As a follower of Lean Startup, I offer my computational power for mining Bitcoin for 6/12 months. Why? 1. Test idea. 2. Feedback. 3. Improved product. I have a limited number of machines, so I cannot accept large orders. Promise deliver good pricing for first followers.

As a follower of Lean Startup, I offer my computational power for mining Bitcoin for 6/12 months. Why? 1. Test idea. 2. Feedback. 3. Improved product. I have a limited number of machines, so I cannot accept large orders. Promise deliver good pricing for first followers. submitted by shaborli to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

The 'Satoshi Pattern' show block 12 was likely the first block mined by someone other than Satoshi; but this block was mined 5 hours before Bitcoin was publicly released. Was this block SN testing the software with a second computer?

Bitcoin v0.1 https://www.mail-archive.com/[email protected]/msg10142.html Fri, 09 Jan 2009 17:05:49 -0800
Block 12 https://blockchain.info/block/0000000027c2488e2510d1acf4369787784fa20ee084c258b58d9fbd43802b5e 2009-01-09 04:21:28
submitted by zcc0nonA to btc [link] [comments]

The 'Satoshi Pattern' show block 12 was likely the first block mined by someone other than Satoshi; but this block was mined 5 hours before Bitcoin was publicly released. Was this block SN testing the software with a second computer? /r/btc

The 'Satoshi Pattern' show block 12 was likely the first block mined by someone other than Satoshi; but this block was mined 5 hours before Bitcoin was publicly released. Was this block SN testing the software with a second computer? /btc submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Bitcoin mentioned around Reddit: ELI5: Would a powerful computer, say one that mines bitcoin, get 100% on an IQ test every time? /r/explainlikeimfive

Bitcoin mentioned around Reddit: ELI5: Would a powerful computer, say one that mines bitcoin, get 100% on an IQ test every time? /explainlikeimfive submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Putting $400M of Bitcoin on your company balance sheet

Also posted on my blog as usual. Read it there if you can, there are footnotes and inlined plots.
A couple of months ago, MicroStrategy (MSTR) had a spare $400M of cash which it decided to shift to Bitcoin (BTC).
Today we'll discuss in excrutiating detail why this is not a good idea.
When a company has a pile of spare money it doesn't know what to do with, it'll normally do buybacks or start paying dividends. That gives the money back to the shareholders, and from an economic perspective the money can get better invested in other more promising companies. If you have a huge pile of of cash, you probably should be doing other things than leave it in a bank account to gather dust.
However, this statement from MicroStrategy CEO Michael Saylor exists to make it clear he's buying into BTC for all the wrong reasons:
“This is not a speculation, nor is it a hedge. This was a deliberate corporate strategy to adopt a bitcoin standard.”
Let's unpack it and jump into the economics Bitcoin:

Is Bitcoin money?

No.
Or rather BTC doesn't act as money and there's no serious future path for BTC to become a form of money. Let's go back to basics. There are 3 main economic problems money solves:
1. Medium of Exchange. Before money we had to barter, which led to the double coincidence of wants problem. When everyone accepts the same money you can buy something from someone even if they don't like the stuff you own.
As a medium of exchange, BTC is not good. There are significant transaction fees and transaction waiting times built-in to BTC and these worsen the more popular BTC get.
You can test BTC's usefulness as a medium of exchange for yourself right now: try to order a pizza or to buy a random item with BTC. How many additional hurdles do you have to go through? How many fewer options do you have than if you used a regular currency? How much overhead (time, fees) is there?
2. Unit of Account. A unit of account is what you compare the value of objects against. We denominate BTC in terms of how many USD they're worth, so BTC is a unit of account presently. We can say it's because of lack of adoption, but really it's also because the market value of BTC is so volatile.
If I buy a $1000 table today or in 2017, it's roughly a $1000 table. We can't say that a 0.4BTC table was a 0.4BTC table in 2017. We'll expand on this in the next point:
3. Store of Value. When you create economic value, you don't want to be forced to use up the value you created right away.
For instance, if I fix your washing machine and you pay me in avocados, I'd be annoyed. I'd have to consume my payment before it becomes brown, squishy and disgusting. Avocado fruit is not good money because avocadoes loses value very fast.
On the other hand, well-run currencies like the USD, GBP, CAD, EUR, etc. all lose their value at a low and most importantly fairly predictible rate. Let's look at the chart of the USD against BTC
While the dollar loses value at a predictible rate, BTC is all over the place, which is bad.
One important use money is to write loan contracts. Loans are great. They let people spend now against their future potential earnings, so they can buy houses or start businesses without first saving up for a decade. Loans are good for the economy.
If you want to sign something that says "I owe you this much for that much time" then you need to be able to roughly predict the value of the debt in at the point in time where it's due.
Otherwise you'll have a hard time pricing the risk of the loan effectively. This means that you need to charge higher interests. The risk of making a loan in BTC needs to be priced into the interest of a BTC-denominated loan, which means much higher interest rates. High interests on loans are bad, because buying houses and starting businesses are good things.

BTC has a fixed supply, so these problems are built in

Some people think that going back to a standard where our money was denominated by a stock of gold (the Gold Standard) would solve economic problems. This is nonsense.
Having control over supply of your currency is a good thing, as long as it's well run.
See here
Remember that what is desirable is low variance in the value, not the value itself. When there are wild fluctuations in value, it's hard for money to do its job well.
Since the 1970s, the USD has been a fiat money with no intrinsic value. This means we control the supply of money.
Let's look at a classic poorly drawn econ101 graph
The market price for USD is where supply meets demand. The problem with a currency based on an item whose supply is fixed is that the price will necessarily fluctuate in response to changes in demand.
Imagine, if you will, that a pandemic strikes and that the demand for currency takes a sharp drop. The US imports less, people don't buy anything anymore, etc. If you can't print money, you get deflation, which is worsens everything. On the other hand, if you can make the money printers go brrrr you can stabilize the price
Having your currency be based on a fixed supply isn't just bad because in/deflation is hard to control.
It's also a national security risk...
The story of the guy who crashed gold prices in North Africa
In the 1200s, Mansa Munsa, the emperor of the Mali, was rich and a devout Muslim and wanted everyone to know it. So he embarked on a pilgrimage to make it rain all the way to Mecca.
He in fact made it rain so hard he increased the overall supply of gold and unintentionally crashed gold prices in Cairo by 20%, wreaking an economic havoc in North Africa that lasted a decade.
This story is fun, the larger point that having your inflation be at the mercy of foreign nations is an undesirable attribute in any currency. The US likes to call some countries currency manipulators, but this problem would be serious under a gold standard.

Currencies are based on trust

Since the USD is based on nothing except the US government's word, how can we trust USD not to be mismanaged?
The answer is that you can probably trust the fed until political stooges get put in place. Currently, the US's central bank managing the USD, the Federal Reserve (the Fed for friends & family), has administrative authority. The fed can say "no" to dumb requests from the president.
People who have no idea what the fed does like to chant "audit the fed", but the fed is already one of the best audited US federal entities. The transcripts of all their meetings are out in the open. As is their balance sheet, what they plan to do and why. If the US should audit anything it's the Department of Defense which operates without any accounting at all.
It's easy to see when a central bank will go rogue: it's when political yes-men are elected to the board.
For example, before printing themselves into hyperinflation, the Venezuelan president appointed a sociologist who publicly stated “Inflation does not exist in real life” and instead is a made up capitalist lie. Note what happened mere months after his gaining control over the Venezuelan currency
This is a key policy. One paper I really like, Sargent (1984) "The end of 4 big inflations" states:
The essential measures that ended hyperinflation in each of Germany,Austria, Hungary, and Poland were, first, the creation of an independentcentral bank that was legally committed to refuse the government'sdemand or additional unsecured credit and, second, a simultaneousalteration in the fiscal policy regime.
In english: *hyperinflation stops when the central bank can say "no" to the government."
The US Fed, like other well good central banks, is run by a bunch of nerds. When it prints money, even as aggressively as it has it does so for good reasons. You can see why they started printing on March 15th as the COVID lockdowns started:
The Federal Reserve is prepared to use its full range of tools to support the flow of credit to households and businesses and thereby promote its maximum employment and price stability goals.
In english: We're going to keep printing and lowering rates until jobs are back and inflation is under control. If we print until the sun is blotted out, we'll print in the shade.

BTC is not gold

Gold is a good asset for doomsday-preppers. If society crashes, gold will still have value.
How do we know that?
Gold has held value throughout multiple historic catastrophes over thousands of years. It had value before and after the Bronze Age Collapse, the Fall of the Western Roman Empire and Gengis Khan being Gengis Khan.
Even if you erased humanity and started over, the new humans would still find gold to be economically valuable. When Europeans d̶i̶s̶c̶o̶v̶e̶r̶e̶d̶ c̶o̶n̶q̶u̶e̶r̶e̶d̶ g̶e̶n̶o̶c̶i̶d̶e̶d̶ went to America, they found gold to be an important item over there too. This is about equivalent to finding humans on Alpha-Centauri and learning that they think gold is a good store of value as well.
Some people are puzzled at this: we don't even use gold for much! But it has great properties:
First, gold is hard to fake and impossible to manufacture. This makes it good to ascertain payment.
Second, gold doesnt react to oxygen, so it doesn't rust or tarnish. So it keeps value over time unlike most other materials.
Last, gold is pretty. This might sound frivolous, and you may not like it, but jewelry has actual value to humans.
It's no coincidence if you look at a list of the wealthiest families, a large number of them trade in luxury goods.
To paraphrase Veblen humans have a profound desire to signal social status, for the same reason peacocks have unwieldy tails. Gold is a great way to achieve that.
On the other hand, BTC lacks all these attributes. Its value is largely based on common perception of value. There are a few fundamental drivers of demand:
Apart from these, it's hard to argue that BTC will retain value throughout some sort of economic catastrophe.

BTC is really risky

One last statement from Michael Saylor I take offense to is this:
“We feel pretty confident that Bitcoin is less risky than holding cash, less risky than holding gold,” MicroStrategy CEO said in an interview
"BTC is less risky than holding cash or gold long term" is nonsense. We saw before that BTC is more volatile on face value, and that as long as the Fed isn't run by spider monkeys stacked in a trench coat, the inflation is likely to be within reasonable bounds.
But on top of this, BTC has Abrupt downside risks that normal currencies don't. Let's imagine a few:

Blockchain solutions are fundamentally inefficient

Blockchain was a genius idea. I still marvel at the initial white paper which is a great mix of economics and computer science.
That said, blockchain solutions make large tradeoffs in design because they assume almost no trust between parties. This leads to intentionally wasteful designs on a massive scale.
The main problem is that all transactions have to be validated by expensive computational operations and double checked by multiple parties. This means waste:
Many design problems can be mitigated by various improvements over BTC, but it remains that a simple database always works better than a blockchain if you can trust the parties to the transaction.
submitted by VodkaHaze to badeconomics [link] [comments]

Crypto week in a nutshell Pt. 1

Crypto week in a nutshell Pt. 1
With the tons of news coming out lately I've decided that we lack some kind of summary to check up week by week. So I present you "Crypto week in a nutshell Pt. 1" where I try to summarize whole weeks worth of crypto news in a small bite size chunks each friday. I hate long introductions so let's start this one up.

  • $1B of Bitcoin from Silk Road wallet moves for first time since 2015
An anonymous crypto user moved 69,370 Bitcoin from an address associated with the Silk Road darknet market, with a prior 1 BTC test transaction. Later on found out that the US authorities seized the funds from an unknown hacker who had gained access to them. The seizure takes a swath of the digital cryptocurrency out of circulation at least temporarily. In the past, federal authorities have auctioned off seized Bitcoins, but usually months after acquiring them.

  • TRON Main-net Suffers Attack, Brings Block Production to a Halt
So our beloved cryptocurrency of Justin Sun have suffered an attack in which the attacker executed malicious transactions during a routine upgrade on the morning of Nov. 2. Production of blocks halted, and no transactions were processed for several hours until the issue was resolved. Justin Sun later on encouraged it's users that all have been resolved and well.
https://preview.redd.it/o1iriu71rmx51.png?width=512&format=png&auto=webp&s=03aee3cb6bf87d64fbdff38af2acdbd4020e9538

  • Strapped for international currencies, Iran is turning to cryptocurrency to allow imports to continue to flow.
The Iranian government has adopted bitcoin and possibly other mineable cryptocurrencies for international trade as the country’s economic crisis deepens, with rising Covid-19 cases, depreciating rial, and intensifying sanctions imposed by the U.S. government. Notable that law seems to work only on currencies that are mined locally and are presented by local miners directly to Central Bank of Iran. Notable is that energy used by mining will be subsidized by the government.

  • MicroStrategy Now Owns Half a Billion Worth of Bitcoin
MicroStrategy invested $425 million in Bitcoin during August and September of this year. By time of writing this I estimate it could be around 600 million dollars with the recent BTC bull run. Opinions are varying if this brave step will lure other corporate investors in the space. I personally think that sentiment around Cryptocurrencies are shifting drastically and the pioneers of this space will be rewarded proportionally. Only time will who next gonna shift onto Bitcoin and cryptocurrency investing.
Both acquisitions of MicroStrategy

  • Ethereum 2.0 Countdown Begins With Release of Deposit Contract
The deposit contract is the first "physical" implementation of Eth 2.0 for everyday users. The deposit contract acts as a bridge between the forthcoming proof-of-stake (PoS) blockchain and the current proof-of-work (PoW). The word is out that it might be possible to stake lower amounts as previously mentioned 32 ETH with forming staking alliances of lower amounts, tho at this moment I can't back this up.

  • PayPal plans a much wider embrace of cryptocurrency, including Venmo use
Paypal announced the possibility of trading cryptocurrencies on their platform. The size of the waiting list for access to crypto, which is now available to 10% of PayPal customers, was two or three times as great as what the company anticipated. “Digital wallets are a natural complement to all forms of digital currency,” said Schulman, adding that PayPal is in close talks with central banks and regulators to explore new uses for these wallets. They had mentioned in the past about bringing Honey’s capabilities into PayPal and being able to spend the crypto in any store using paypal system.
Worth mentioning is that the Internal Revenue Service treats any crypto transaction as taxable event, like selling a stock or a piece of real estate—meaning a PayPal user who buys a coffee or groceries from a crypto account could be forced to declare a capital gain.

Honorable mentions.
  • Facebook Censors Bitcoin-related Content Once Again,
  • MicroStrategy’s Bitcoin Bet Reaches Front Page of the Wall Street Journal,
  • Cryptomarket showing independence signs From Wall Street,
  • Brave Browser: Number of monthly users increases 130% in 1 year,
  • Italian Airport Employee Accused of Using Airport's Computers to Mine Ethereum,
  • Following Unusual Demand, PayPal Raises Crypto Limits To $15,000,
  • Cardano Developer IOHK Donates $125k to Non-Profit That Aims To Enhance Haskell Adoption,
  • Cayman Islands Announces Legal Framework in Bid to Attract Crypto Businesses.
  • Lots of Central Banks either make or explore possibilities of creating their own digital currencies.
  • First regulated bank to launch Tezos staking

Final thoughts.
Crypto space is undeniably booming again, this time with way bigger support from corporate investing. Same with interest from banks and financial services corporations like Visa and Mastercard. The Infamous Bitcoin Stimulus Check is now Worth ~$2500. More and more countries are waking up to the idea of using cryptocurrencies in some way that benefit them. I feel this time bull run is way more warranted and backed up but only time will tell if this is sustainable.
Finally, I tried to explore many formats how I would publish these new summaries and I feel there will be many more iterations along the way. For sure there must be some news I left behind but I tried to mention everything that seemed to contribute the space in meaningful way. Any suggestions are welcome, see you next Friday Cheers
submitted by madfires to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Scalenet and Testnet4 are online and open for business

Over the years, some people have made use of testnet3 to test out scaling performance, and have spammed testnet3 with 32 MB blocks. This has caused testnet3 to get kinda bloated; the blockchain now takes an hour or so to sync, which slows down development. Other people have wanted to do stress testing, but have specifically wanted to avoid inconveniencing other people by spamming testnet3, and have therefore not done so. This slows down development too. To address this issue, I created two new networks: testnet4 and scalenet.
Testnet4 is intended to be a low-volume quick-syncing blockchain which is ideal for testing out new transaction formats or applications. It has a 2 MB default block size limit, and comes with aserti3 parameters that make the difficulty recover quickly to CPU-mineable levels. It should remain easy to sync on a low-end VPS or old laptop.
Scalenet is intended to be a high-volume blockchain which is ideal for spamming and stress testing software. It comes with a 256 MB initial default block size limit, and uses aserti3 parameters that make it more suitable for accurately simulating mainnet mining difficulty (though it retains the 20-minute difficulty rule). In order to prevent storage costs from getting unreasonable for a testnet, scalenet will be reset every 6-12 months by invalidating the block at height 10,001 and adding a new checkpoint. Scalenet is intended to be feasible to run on a mid-range desktop computer with some strain.
Testnet4 and scalenet are now online and essentially complete. The code for both has been merged into BCHN and Electron Cash. Testnet4 has also been successfully synced to by Knuth, Bitcoin Unlimited, and libbitcoincashj. Block explorers for both are available, thanks to Axel Gembe (who runs the code) and sickpig (who wrote the code):
http://tbch4.loping.net:3002/
http://sbch.loping.net:3003/
The testnet4 and scalenet MRs were opened on Aug 19th and Aug 27th, and both were merged on Sep 17th. Scalenet reached height 10,000 on October 3rd.
Testnet4 and Scalenet support are present in the master branch of BCHN, and will be included in the next release of BCHN. Some other software (e.g. Electron Cash) already has support in their latest release, but most is still pending.
See also: https://bitcoincashresearch.org/t/testnet4-and-scalenet/148/7
submitted by jtoomim to btc [link] [comments]

Gridcoin 5.0.0.0-Mandatory "Fern" Release

https://github.com/gridcoin-community/Gridcoin-Research/releases/tag/5.0.0.0
Finally! After over ten months of development and testing, "Fern" has arrived! This is a whopper. 240 pull requests merged. Essentially a complete rewrite that was started with the scraper (the "neural net" rewrite) in "Denise" has now been completed. Practically the ENTIRE Gridcoin specific codebase resting on top of the vanilla Bitcoin/Peercoin/Blackcoin vanilla PoS code has been rewritten. This removes the team requirement at last (see below), although there are many other important improvements besides that.
Fern was a monumental undertaking. We had to encode all of the old rules active for the v10 block protocol in new code and ensure that the new code was 100% compatible. This had to be done in such a way as to clear out all of the old spaghetti and ring-fence it with tightly controlled class implementations. We then wrote an entirely new, simplified ruleset for research rewards and reengineered contracts (which includes beacon management, polls, and voting) using properly classed code. The fundamentals of Gridcoin with this release are now on a very sound and maintainable footing, and the developers believe the codebase as updated here will serve as the fundamental basis for Gridcoin's future roadmap.
We have been testing this for MONTHS on testnet in various stages. The v10 (legacy) compatibility code has been running on testnet continuously as it was developed to ensure compatibility with existing nodes. During the last few months, we have done two private testnet forks and then the full public testnet testing for v11 code (the new protocol which is what Fern implements). The developers have also been running non-staking "sentinel" nodes on mainnet with this code to verify that the consensus rules are problem-free for the legacy compatibility code on the broader mainnet. We believe this amount of testing is going to result in a smooth rollout.
Given the amount of changes in Fern, I am presenting TWO changelogs below. One is high level, which summarizes the most significant changes in the protocol. The second changelog is the detailed one in the usual format, and gives you an inkling of the size of this release.

Highlights

Protocol

Note that the protocol changes will not become active until we cross the hard-fork transition height to v11, which has been set at 2053000. Given current average block spacing, this should happen around October 4, about one month from now.
Note that to get all of the beacons in the network on the new protocol, we are requiring ALL beacons to be validated. A two week (14 day) grace period is provided by the code, starting at the time of the transition height, for people currently holding a beacon to validate the beacon and prevent it from expiring. That means that EVERY CRUNCHER must advertise and validate their beacon AFTER the v11 transition (around Oct 4th) and BEFORE October 18th (or more precisely, 14 days from the actual date of the v11 transition). If you do not advertise and validate your beacon by this time, your beacon will expire and you will stop earning research rewards until you advertise and validate a new beacon. This process has been made much easier by a brand new beacon "wizard" that helps manage beacon advertisements and renewals. Once a beacon has been validated and is a v11 protocol beacon, the normal 180 day expiration rules apply. Note, however, that the 180 day expiration on research rewards has been removed with the Fern update. This means that while your beacon might expire after 180 days, your earned research rewards will be retained and can be claimed by advertising a beacon with the same CPID and going through the validation process again. In other words, you do not lose any earned research rewards if you do not stake a block within 180 days and keep your beacon up-to-date.
The transition height is also when the team requirement will be relaxed for the network.

GUI

Besides the beacon wizard, there are a number of improvements to the GUI, including new UI transaction types (and icons) for staking the superblock, sidestake sends, beacon advertisement, voting, poll creation, and transactions with a message. The main screen has been revamped with a better summary section, and better status icons. Several changes under the hood have improved GUI performance. And finally, the diagnostics have been revamped.

Blockchain

The wallet sync speed has been DRASTICALLY improved. A decent machine with a good network connection should be able to sync the entire mainnet blockchain in less than 4 hours. A fast machine with a really fast network connection and a good SSD can do it in about 2.5 hours. One of our goals was to reduce or eliminate the reliance on snapshots for mainnet, and I think we have accomplished that goal with the new sync speed. We have also streamlined the in-memory structures for the blockchain which shaves some memory use.
There are so many goodies here it is hard to summarize them all.
I would like to thank all of the contributors to this release, but especially thank @cyrossignol, whose incredible contributions formed the backbone of this release. I would also like to pay special thanks to @barton2526, @caraka, and @Quezacoatl1, who tirelessly helped during the testing and polishing phase on testnet with testing and repeated builds for all architectures.
The developers are proud to present this release to the community and we believe this represents the starting point for a true renaissance for Gridcoin!

Summary Changelog

Accrual

Changed

Most significantly, nodes calculate research rewards directly from the magnitudes in EACH superblock between stakes instead of using a two- or three- point average based on a CPID's current magnitude and the magnitude for the CPID when it last staked. For those long-timers in the community, this has been referred to as "Superblock Windows," and was first done in proof-of-concept form by @denravonska.

Removed

Beacons

Added

Changed

Removed

Unaltered

As a reminder:

Superblocks

Added

Changed

Removed

Voting

Added

Changed

Removed

Detailed Changelog

[5.0.0.0] 2020-09-03, mandatory, "Fern"

Added

Changed

Removed

Fixed

submitted by jamescowens to gridcoin [link] [comments]

I rewrote this for anybody who has the time and the heart to help GIVE ADVICE TO my daughter with this unnecessary situation when it comes to fighting their DVfather abusive Court matter

Their father recently worked for the local internet company and decided to spy on me. He has admitted it openly. I don't have perfect evidence but enough harassing and threatening text messages stating he knows everything and he doesn't care. He made comments that only you would know if you had read all my emails. I lost a lot of evidence after, I lost the online accounts. I could not seem to share any data from Mobile to computer and it was impossible to connect to any printers. I went to a few stores hoping that I could print off from Dropbox or an email but I realized that their security system was not having it and I was possibly risking their printers.
He later quit the internet company to work for the electric company and a little for Microsoft .
Once he spied on me long enough that he felt he had enough dirt on me. Enough to blackmail me to raise my child support to a unaffordable an unreasonable amount. When I already paid 100% for the children and paid a good amount of child support every month to him when I had them 40% of the time . I could not afford to pay it.
Which then gave him more reasons to be more agressive and threatening towards children and I. His famous lines were, You don't pay you don't see them! So I give him whatever I could afford at that moment on top of everything else. So they could be their mother and grandparents in peace and a moment without fear of their father. He decided to kidnap my younger one during the summer right before I was going to take her on her summer vacation with a girlfriend and brother. I would have always had her that summer month. I knew she was going to be forced to stay in a basement while everybody had fun and even worse he would take the phone from the children even if I purchase and financially supplied it. My children have been going through domestic violence mentally and somewhat physically their entire life.
The day of the trial hearing, I had denial of service attack. Which is where I could not get Wi-Fi nor data on mobile. That I have always paid for.
Which made it so my alarm didn't go off and I was late for trail hearing! The judge said we are going to get a guardian of alliance to see if I go to jail for all the ridiculous untruthful contempt hearings we had for a stretch of 8 months. We never even had a parenting plan. The judge insisted in courts insisted we did.
The GAL said the children would be safe with me if I was more stable. got the children need to spend more time with me which surprised me because she was not nice to me in the beginning she had her mind made up about me but she could see that the children and I were very close. She recommended that the children live with my parents because I removed around too much. I was unsure why she said that but when you search me and do a background check it says online it I have about 7 more addresses than I actually never lived at. She basically stated everything I had been trying to prove to the courts was true! She stated multiple times that our kids were not safe with him and his wife. Why would they go out of their way to hire one if they weren't going to listen to her?
My son , 17 yrs, even went to court and filed for two restraining orders & provided proof of physical abuse and he to was denied. The judge did not seem to feel as if there was any abuse .
I received a call from my children's father right before our trial. I was hoping you wanted to discuss the children. Or even better call his son that he had been neglecting for 6 months. He refused to go back to his house. After he was physical attacked his father and wife. After picking up his phone call I noticed that he wasn't actually on the line and from the receiving end I could hear loud sounds of screeching computers. Similar to a fax machine nose. I that something bad might have happened because I know the type of person he is. I'm sure what to do, I just moved on.
I would like to make this shorter than it needs to be so I don't bore anybody who is still reading thank you.
Shortly after that I lost all my online accounts and had a brute Force attack.
My last pass and keeper did not help me either because I couldn't reach them. Or because they chose not to help me. I did notice the last time I was able to access my password manager that some of my accounts were changed. My passwords had turned into my social security number. Which I would never do! So my identity, and any form of privacy,and all my digital work, art and memories are gone. my whole digital Life. I worked online so I could be closer and home with my children. I truly loved it. So that was the issue for me I lost my online business and all my inventory I had already shipped off to the warehouses.
My son who is in high school lost a lot of his hard work and the Mac, I recently purchased for.
I could not access our router majority of the time. while my internet company, where he used to work decided to lie and not help me and said there's no such thing as a network hack.
I could not use my cellular data or Wi-Fi for 2 months. then it was just periodically sometimes I could connect sometimes I could not to my electronics. I lived in a very large home at the time. Majority of the family and roommates still could use the internet on some of their devices. I was the target the victim of this new attack.
I was panicking trying to reach my customers, the company that I subcontracted for but unfortunately I was redirected to spammers every time!
I ended up having to use all of my financial savings to pay rent and buy more mobile devices a new computer and any type of internet security I could possibly fine in a very small town. I could not buy anything else online I had too many online fraud charges that I was continuously fighting at the time. I could not use the vpns I always would get a server error and the antiviruses somehow were rerouted and I would continuously be locked out.
The new electronics I bought would be compromised and controlled within minutes to a day or two. thanks to the smart technology, Internet of things, and local routers . My family can't even reach out for help. With their hack devices. Some of my family members realized that their computer was compromised and replaced it but still too confused to recognize the problems. Internet services with the same local internet company I did. They are constantly having slow connections being overcharged, and additional charges like voice over IP .
I've purchased at least 10 phones in the last year. My cell phone companies either have no clue or ignored me or treatme as If I was a terrorist, who was just begging to get help controlling my data and my children's baby photos.
I've gone through over a hundred new emails . Since I kept losing access to them. Even though I had the password written down in front of me!! I had DNS poisoning so majority of the websites were outdated with viruses. redirected into a html script. I still can't seem to navigate online at all without getting a server error sometimes I can't even access Court forms. My mobile server which unfortunately is not the server that I paid for. Can't always find Wacourt.gov & washingtonhelp.org
I can't seem to talk to a lawyer that I've been approved for multiple times through the Northwest Justice project. For my mobile phone will consistently hang up. I can't call the non emergency 911. My emails don't go through or usually blocked by lost email services and always somehow blacklisted! The websites I visit seem to be cloned in insecure. My JavaScript would not give me access to majority of the security settings in all my browsers. There's always new extensions and apps and open source licenses for untrustworthy certificates being downloaded especially when I have to go back to that community to see my daughter for the courts have just changed things once again. In the past i cannot turn on or off family sharing when I didn't even have a family connected to that mobile device. Can't turn off USB tethering and Google pay and apple wallets have multiple transactions, not by me. PayPal is somehow connected to a new phone number of mine by an email that's similar to my name but it's not mine. I cannot turn on or off these settings for they are lightened out and unavailable for my electronic device. Sim card & ip always changed.
5000 $ in back child support when the courts knew that I could not afford to pay it and when I tried to fight it they would raise my pay and lower his it was not based off the Washington State child support worksheet. 6000$ in international charges hit my credit report along with new phone numbers, Nick names emails and home addresses. I Cant reach for help with the credit unions like Equifax. When my device have so much static white nose and then lose connection. If I try to connect my email account to a computer. It will say I need a physical key to access it. as if I set it up myself. when every computer I own now Is broke or has locked me out.
I gave up but was sad because I could not keep tabs or communicate with my children. unless I borrowed a phone. They mapped out my family and contacts so if I were to borrow a phone and try to reach out for help I usually reached spam or foreign hotline or got disconnected.
Then the locals were acting strange. Like sitting outside our house taking photos of us. Items were stolen off our property. When we were out of town. Then the landlord had strange men over pretending to fix things that didn't need to be fixed, installing pipes underground , laying down new soil& having some Wi-Fi farming company working in our yard at 5:00 a.m. I also notice a few times the electric companies employee's were messing with our power boxes, in the middle of the night . Then My my photos came out extremely bright. Almost as if there was someone photoshopping lightning in the background that's how bad it was it gets worse are our family videos look like we lived in a microwave oven.
I know it's very strange! I do have evidence. After I moved out I went to a place that was even closer to my children's father not by choice but because this experience made me semi homeless.
If I would get a new router for that home. my children's father would come over take the phone he had purchased my daughter when he started taking me Superior Court. For a parenting plan we never had! Anyways he demanded her phone said he needed to put some new passwords in it within hours of the router change. When I would purposely break the router his electric company would show up before the internet cable company would. Not surprised to see them across the street fixing the power lines.
I bought our daughter a new phone for when she comes to my new home. He reports to the courts that I stole it from her and won't let her have it back when she never wanted it for he didn't provide data. Every time he's upset he turns around and puts another restraining order on me and our daughter. she gets only 5 gb and ends up with no data within a couple days and has to use Wi-Fi all the time. I did not have Wi-Fi so why not buy her another phone when she's in my new home.
Going a few months back,
Apple finally told me they couldn't help me with the iPhone because it was a government issue. I thought that was hilarious for I didn't do anything wrong unless the person who was using my accounts did. I figured it would pass I mean if you're under an investigation. it would only be for a few months right ? Not two years ! well nothing happened I mean there was no reason for anything to happen. I noticed that the police were driving by the old house a lot. Then I thought maybe it must have been my roommate they might be after. Then why am I the one who lost everything and is dealing with network abuse. My roommate was in a bad guy he did have a bit of a criminal history but nothing considered to be violent maybe just a couple drunken stupid events.
Then during the process of moving my children and roommates out of the house.while driving my car mysteriously blew up because of some electrical issue. Luckily the children were not in the car. There were no warnings & no issues with the car. It took the fire department about two minutes to find me but it was totaled. I could not afford to fix it or have a mechanic look at that time. Then somebody I did not know had it towed and I lost it.
the next house that I temporary was staying at. I was in the router settings I could not seem to get in there very often for the site would never load. I saw it was being port forwarding to a local Bitcoin mining pool!! Before I could screenshot it. I received another server error .
He continues to harass me and threaten me or he knows everything we do in our own privacy, our own bedrooms, where we're going, who we're going with, how much money says he's recording everything. It seems to know everything before I can even share it with a girlfriend.
Now He's throwing everything against me in The family Court and continues to commit perjury while I have proved him wrong multiple times but still aren't getting the protection and respect in this local small town courtroom! I have currently moved to Spokane Washington to get away from this! I do the traveling for the judge says that until I mental health diagnosis hair follicle test I am not allowed to take my daughter from to Spokane Washington. he gave me a month's time and then he says he's going to take all rights away ! Till then he is Requiring me to stay with my children at my parents home. When she is Sun's 18 now. She almost fully grown she is going to be 15 a week. Can't she have a say in who she feels safe enough to live with? that is fine I will do anything for my daughter even though it's pretty unfair that I have to pay for it all myself when they know I have no job or I've been constantly fighting this battle and keeping a phone that will keep a safe connection. when him and his wife both have huge histories of assault and domestic violence and drug charges I have no criminal history no drug history . I need some sort of help so he can't keep destroying every electronics. after calling my daughter when I do get a new phone number I start l receiving spam and scripts over SMS and once I go to my parents more and more viruses are downloaded. Why are we being dragged into this non-stop I want to be able to get a job and move forward not sit here and fight their viruses then more court dates with continuous false claims Non-Stop petti drama!
I've been told multiple times by a few computer companies and files that I have some sort of invisible beacon. How ?
The Seattle times paper has reported that the local electric company and crypto miners are being punished for unauthorized usage of other families in the small town electricity for maximum power leaving us in an unsafe situation to build more cryptocurrency .
submitted by u-turnshe to FamilyLaw [link] [comments]

Technical: Taproot: Why Activate?

This is a follow-up on https://old.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/hqzp14/technical_the_path_to_taproot_activation/
Taproot! Everybody wants it!! But... you might ask yourself: sure, everybody else wants it, but why would I, sovereign Bitcoin HODLer, want it? Surely I can be better than everybody else because I swapped XXX fiat for Bitcoin unlike all those nocoiners?
And it is important for you to know the reasons why you, o sovereign Bitcoiner, would want Taproot activated. After all, your nodes (or the nodes your wallets use, which if you are SPV, you hopefully can pester to your wallet vendoimplementor about) need to be upgraded in order for Taproot activation to actually succeed instead of becoming a hot sticky mess.
First, let's consider some principles of Bitcoin.
I'm sure most of us here would agree that the above are very important principles of Bitcoin and that these are principles we would not be willing to remove. If anything, we would want those principles strengthened (especially the last one, financial privacy, which current Bitcoin is only sporadically strong with: you can get privacy, it just requires effort to do so).
So, how does Taproot affect those principles?

Taproot and Your /Coins

Most HODLers probably HODL their coins in singlesig addresses. Sadly, switching to Taproot would do very little for you (it gives a mild discount at spend time, at the cost of a mild increase in fee at receive time (paid by whoever sends to you, so if it's a self-send from a P2PKH or bech32 address, you pay for this); mostly a wash).
(technical details: a Taproot output is 1 version byte + 32 byte public key, while a P2WPKH (bech32 singlesig) output is 1 version byte + 20 byte public key hash, so the Taproot output spends 12 bytes more; spending from a P2WPKH requires revealing a 32-byte public key later, which is not needed with Taproot, and Taproot signatures are about 9 bytes smaller than P2WPKH signatures, but the 32 bytes plus 9 bytes is divided by 4 because of the witness discount, so it saves about 11 bytes; mostly a wash, it increases blockweight by about 1 virtual byte, 4 weight for each Taproot-output-input, compared to P2WPKH-output-input).
However, as your HODLings grow in value, you might start wondering if multisignature k-of-n setups might be better for the security of your savings. And it is in multisignature that Taproot starts to give benefits!
Taproot switches to using Schnorr signing scheme. Schnorr makes key aggregation -- constructing a single public key from multiple public keys -- almost as trivial as adding numbers together. "Almost" because it involves some fairly advanced math instead of simple boring number adding, but hey when was the last time you added up your grocery list prices by hand huh?
With current P2SH and P2WSH multisignature schemes, if you have a 2-of-3 setup, then to spend, you need to provide two different signatures from two different public keys. With Taproot, you can create, using special moon math, a single public key that represents your 2-of-3 setup. Then you just put two of your devices together, have them communicate to each other (this can be done airgapped, in theory, by sending QR codes: the software to do this is not even being built yet, but that's because Taproot hasn't activated yet!), and they will make a single signature to authorize any spend from your 2-of-3 address. That's 73 witness bytes -- 18.25 virtual bytes -- of signatures you save!
And if you decide that your current setup with 1-of-1 P2PKH / P2WPKH addresses is just fine as-is: well, that's the whole point of a softfork: backwards-compatibility; you can receive from Taproot users just fine, and once your wallet is updated for Taproot-sending support, you can send to Taproot users just fine as well!
(P2WPKH and P2WSH -- SegWit v0 -- addresses start with bc1q; Taproot -- SegWit v1 --- addresses start with bc1p, in case you wanted to know the difference; in bech32 q is 0, p is 1)
Now how about HODLers who keep all, or some, of their coins on custodial services? Well, any custodial service worth its salt would be doing at least 2-of-3, or probably something even bigger, like 11-of-15. So your custodial service, if it switched to using Taproot internally, could save a lot more (imagine an 11-of-15 getting reduced from 11 signatures to just 1!), which --- we can only hope! --- should translate to lower fees and better customer service from your custodial service!
So I think we can say, very accurately, that the Bitcoin principle --- that YOU are in control of your money --- can only be helped by Taproot (if you are doing multisignature), and, because P2PKH and P2WPKH remain validly-usable addresses in a Taproot future, will not be harmed by Taproot. Its benefit to this principle might be small (it mostly only benefits multisignature users) but since it has no drawbacks with this (i.e. singlesig users can continue to use P2WPKH and P2PKH still) this is still a nice, tidy win!
(even singlesig users get a minor benefit, in that multisig users will now reduce their blockchain space footprint, so that fees can be kept low for everybody; so for example even if you have your single set of private keys engraved on titanium plates sealed in an airtight box stored in a safe buried in a desert protected by angry nomads riding giant sandworms because you're the frickin' Kwisatz Haderach, you still gain some benefit from Taproot)
And here's the important part: if P2PKH/P2WPKH is working perfectly fine with you and you decide to never use Taproot yourself, Taproot will not affect you detrimentally. First do no harm!

Taproot and Your Contracts

No one is an island, no one lives alone. Give and you shall receive. You know: by trading with other people, you can gain expertise in some obscure little necessity of the world (and greatly increase your productivity in that little field), and then trade the products of your expertise for necessities other people have created, all of you thereby gaining gains from trade.
So, contracts, which are basically enforceable agreements that facilitate trading with people who you do not personally know and therefore might not trust.
Let's start with a simple example. You want to buy some gewgaws from somebody. But you don't know them personally. The seller wants the money, you want their gewgaws, but because of the lack of trust (you don't know them!! what if they're scammers??) neither of you can benefit from gains from trade.
However, suppose both of you know of some entity that both of you trust. That entity can act as a trusted escrow. The entity provides you security: this enables the trade, allowing both of you to get gains from trade.
In Bitcoin-land, this can be implemented as a 2-of-3 multisignature. The three signatories in the multisgnature would be you, the gewgaw seller, and the escrow. You put the payment for the gewgaws into this 2-of-3 multisignature address.
Now, suppose it turns out neither of you are scammers (whaaaat!). You receive the gewgaws just fine and you're willing to pay up for them. Then you and the gewgaw seller just sign a transaction --- you and the gewgaw seller are 2, sufficient to trigger the 2-of-3 --- that spends from the 2-of-3 address to a singlesig the gewgaw seller wants (or whatever address the gewgaw seller wants).
But suppose some problem arises. The seller gave you gawgews instead of gewgaws. Or you decided to keep the gewgaws but not sign the transaction to release the funds to the seller. In either case, the escrow is notified, and if it can sign with you to refund the funds back to you (if the seller was a scammer) or it can sign with the seller to forward the funds to the seller (if you were a scammer).
Taproot helps with this: like mentioned above, it allows multisignature setups to produce only one signature, reducing blockchain space usage, and thus making contracts --- which require multiple people, by definition, you don't make contracts with yourself --- is made cheaper (which we hope enables more of these setups to happen for more gains from trade for everyone, also, moon and lambos).
(technology-wise, it's easier to make an n-of-n than a k-of-n, making a k-of-n would require a complex setup involving a long ritual with many communication rounds between the n participants, but an n-of-n can be done trivially with some moon math. You can, however, make what is effectively a 2-of-3 by using a three-branch SCRIPT: either 2-of-2 of you and seller, OR 2-of-2 of you and escrow, OR 2-of-2 of escrow and seller. Fortunately, Taproot adds a facility to embed a SCRIPT inside a public key, so you can have a 2-of-2 Taprooted address (between you and seller) with a SCRIPT branch that can instead be spent with 2-of-2 (you + escrow) OR 2-of-2 (seller + escrow), which implements the three-branched SCRIPT above. If neither of you are scammers (hopefully the common case) then you both sign using your keys and never have to contact the escrow, since you are just using the escrow public key without coordinating with them (because n-of-n is trivial but k-of-n requires setup with communication rounds), so in the "best case" where both of you are honest traders, you also get a privacy boost, in that the escrow never learns you have been trading on gewgaws, I mean ewww, gawgews are much better than gewgaws and therefore I now judge you for being a gewgaw enthusiast, you filthy gewgawer).

Taproot and Your Contracts, Part 2: Cryptographic Boogaloo

Now suppose you want to buy some data instead of things. For example, maybe you have some closed-source software in trial mode installed, and want to pay the developer for the full version. You want to pay for an activation code.
This can be done, today, by using an HTLC. The developer tells you the hash of the activation code. You pay to an HTLC, paying out to the developer if it reveals the preimage (the activation code), or refunding the money back to you after a pre-agreed timeout. If the developer claims the funds, it has to reveal the preimage, which is the activation code, and you can now activate your software. If the developer does not claim the funds by the timeout, you get refunded.
And you can do that, with HTLCs, today.
Of course, HTLCs do have problems:
Fortunately, with Schnorr (which is enabled by Taproot), we can now use the Scriptless Script constuction by Andrew Poelstra. This Scriptless Script allows a new construction, the PTLC or Pointlocked Timelocked Contract. Instead of hashes and preimages, just replace "hash" with "point" and "preimage" with "scalar".
Or as you might know them: "point" is really "public key" and "scalar" is really a "private key". What a PTLC does is that, given a particular public key, the pointlocked branch can be spent only if the spender reveals the private key of the given public key to you.
Another nice thing with PTLCs is that they are deniable. What appears onchain is just a single 2-of-2 signature between you and the developemanufacturer. It's like a magic trick. This signature has no special watermarks, it's a perfectly normal signature (the pledge). However, from this signature, plus some datta given to you by the developemanufacturer (known as the adaptor signature) you can derive the private key of a particular public key you both agree on (the turn). Anyone scraping the blockchain will just see signatures that look just like every other signature, and as long as nobody manages to hack you and get a copy of the adaptor signature or the private key, they cannot get the private key behind the public key (point) that the pointlocked branch needs (the prestige).
(Just to be clear, the public key you are getting the private key from, is distinct from the public key that the developemanufacturer will use for its funds. The activation key is different from the developer's onchain Bitcoin key, and it is the activation key whose private key you will be learning, not the developer's/manufacturer's onchain Bitcoin key).
So:
Taproot lets PTLCs exist onchain because they enable Schnorr, which is a requirement of PTLCs / Scriptless Script.
(technology-wise, take note that Scriptless Script works only for the "pointlocked" branch of the contract; you need normal Script, or a pre-signed nLockTimed transaction, for the "timelocked" branch. Since Taproot can embed a script, you can have the Taproot pubkey be a 2-of-2 to implement the Scriptless Script "pointlocked" branch, then have a hidden script that lets you recover the funds with an OP_CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY after the timeout if the seller does not claim the funds.)

Quantum Quibbles!

Now if you were really paying attention, you might have noticed this parenthetical:
(technical details: a Taproot output is 1 version byte + 32 byte public key, while a P2WPKH (bech32 singlesig) output is 1 version byte + 20 byte public key hash...)
So wait, Taproot uses raw 32-byte public keys, and not public key hashes? Isn't that more quantum-vulnerable??
Well, in theory yes. In practice, they probably are not.
It's not that hashes can be broken by quantum computes --- they're still not. Instead, you have to look at how you spend from a P2WPKH/P2PKH pay-to-public-key-hash.
When you spend from a P2PKH / P2WPKH, you have to reveal the public key. Then Bitcoin hashes it and checks if this matches with the public-key-hash, and only then actually validates the signature for that public key.
So an unconfirmed transaction, floating in the mempools of nodes globally, will show, in plain sight for everyone to see, your public key.
(public keys should be public, that's why they're called public keys, LOL)
And if quantum computers are fast enough to be of concern, then they are probably fast enough that, in the several minutes to several hours from broadcast to confirmation, they have already cracked the public key that is openly broadcast with your transaction. The owner of the quantum computer can now replace your unconfirmed transaction with one that pays the funds to itself. Even if you did not opt-in RBF, miners are still incentivized to support RBF on RBF-disabled transactions.
So the extra hash is not as significant a protection against quantum computers as you might think. Instead, the extra hash-and-compare needed is just extra validation effort.
Further, if you have ever, in the past, spent from the address, then there exists already a transaction indelibly stored on the blockchain, openly displaying the public key from which quantum computers can derive the private key. So those are still vulnerable to quantum computers.
For the most part, the cryptographers behind Taproot (and Bitcoin Core) are of the opinion that quantum computers capable of cracking Bitcoin pubkeys are unlikely to appear within a decade or two.
So:
For now, the homomorphic and linear properties of elliptic curve cryptography provide a lot of benefits --- particularly the linearity property is what enables Scriptless Script and simple multisignature (i.e. multisignatures that are just 1 signature onchain). So it might be a good idea to take advantage of them now while we are still fairly safe against quantum computers. It seems likely that quantum-safe signature schemes are nonlinear (thus losing these advantages).

Summary

I Wanna Be The Taprooter!

So, do you want to help activate Taproot? Here's what you, mister sovereign Bitcoin HODLer, can do!

But I Hate Taproot!!

That's fine!

Discussions About Taproot Activation

submitted by almkglor to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Silver Bitcoin round

Silver Bitcoin round submitted by Jos_Meid to Silverbugs [link] [comments]

Happy Halloween - Updated Audit Status of Canadian Cryptocurrency Exchanges

Masks meant something different one year ago when I posted the highly popular “Happy Halloween - Audit Status of Canadian Cryptocurrency Exchanges”. Since then,
  1. We’ve had 20 more cryptocurrency exchange incidents globally.
  2. Canadian exchanges have seen massive progress - in at least a couple of exchanges.
  3. We’ve seen the collapse of Einstein which took millions of dollars more from Canadians. And we saw the OSC crackdown on the inflated trading volume on CoinSquare.

Blockchain provides the full ability for exchanges to prove asset backing, yet we continue to have to guess which platforms are backed. In an effort to help Canadians find the exchanges which are most transparent, we divide platforms into 5 categories:
If Proof of Reserve or another form of verification was standard on all exchanges, people like Gerald Cotten and Dave Smilie wouldn’t have been able to pull off massive fraud, and cases such as Einstein would have been known long before it resulted in insolvency. Supporting exchanges that don’t provide public validation or transparency is supporting fraud. Even if the platform is 100% honest, they are setting a dangerous standard that enables other fraudsters to hide in plain sight.

Dead Platforms/Incidents

FlexCoin - As “the world's first bitcoin bank” that’s “not a true bank”, FlexCoin provides “a central location for all of your bitcoins”. “Bitcoins deposited with flexcoin will be stored on [thei]r secure servers” so you can “send bitcoins to non-technical individual[s] via e-mail”. Unlike blockchain, “flexcoin to flexcoin transfers are free”.
MapleChange - “[S]wift, reliable and to-the-point!” “One of [their] primary concerns is security for [their] customers'' which is why “keys are cryptographically encrypted”. More Canadian than anyone! Excuse me while we hold the door open to our crypto! "[W]ithdraws(sic) are next to instantaneous", "rel[ying] solely on the aspect of swiftness"!
Canadian Bitcoins - Funds stored for convenience in a professional Rogers data center, which has the highest level of courtesy and customer service - always going above and beyond to provide expedient service whenever a request comes in!
CoinTradeNewNote - A “meticulously engineered Bitcoin Exchange” “focused on security and tak[ing] these risks seriously”. “[Y]ou don’t have to worry”, they have “90+% cold storage” and their “cold storage is fully insured by Xapo”. Plus, as “a registered Canadian corporation” they “leverage the good guys to fight the bad guys”.
Einstein - You can get “your money deposited and withdrawn faster than any other exchange”. As one customer said "With so many hacks and exit scams, it gives me confidence knowing Einstein is backed by hard-working people just like me." Just check the user experience on their subreddit from their "220,000+ satisfied customers".
EZ-BTC - As the world’s “most user-friendly and bespoke crypto currency management platform”, they have “strong security”. “All your coins are kept in cold storage. They’re safe.”. The presence of physical ATMs was one of the strategies to build customer confidence for their promised 9% annual return on stored funds.
QuadrigaCX - Operating since 2013, with “vast cryptocurrency reserves” right up to the end. "Bitcoins that are funded in QuadrigaCX are stored in cold storage, using some of the most secure cryptographic procedures possible." Even today some of the funds remain 100% secure in their cold storage!
If there are any others I missed, let me know!

No Verification Found

BitVo - Whether “Canada's premier cryptocurrency exchange” or merely “on a mission to become Canada’s premier cryptocurrency exchange”, we have to praise BitVo’s security for including “multiple signatures of a select group of trusted individuals” which are “not connected to the exchange platform or a network”. It is unfortunate that such common sense concepts are “proprietary” instead of the standard on all Canadian platforms. While assuring that they operate “on a full-reserve basis” and talking about “transparency”, the proof is lacking and nothing indicates it to have been verified externally or even internally. The withdrawal-based fee structure incentivizes users to keep funds “safe and secure” on the platform - which is “owned and operated by banking and security experts”. The “banking” side shows for sure in these hidden fine-print fees, which go well with transparency.
CoinField - Apparently no longer the "most secure trading platform in Canada" but now instead the “Best Bitcoin & Cryptocurrency Exchange In Canada” - based in Estonia and no longer having a Canadian office. They’re “fully regulated” in 193+ countries, except for the period between October 2019 and June 2020, when they weren’t even registered as an MSB. They offer a huge range of trading pairs except for the ones you need, with high liquidity except for the pairs that don’t have any, and you can withdraw and trade all of your funds as long as you leave a small amount behind at every stage.
CoinSmart - Not sure what "[i]ndustry leading cold storage" is, but luckily it’s “bank level”. No mention of multi-sig. They’re so "accountable to [their] clients, community and to each other" and "committed to being open and honest" that they don’t include any audit. Deposits are easy and withdrawals are fun - like a video game. Advance through each stage to prove your willpower, complete with warnings, SMS verification that doesn’t display errors (but luckily you can change the number to anything at all without further verification), and even an elaborate high-resolution selfie requirement you have to email in. If you can’t complete or don’t feel comfortable sending info via email, your money is held hostage - no big deal at all really.
Coinut - As "the most secure cryptocurrency exchange", they provide “a comprehensive cryptocurrency exchange platform for trading cryptocurrencies”. (Not to be confused with a cryptocurrency exchange platform for trading coconuts.) They’ve been “running securely for about three years” “by storing cryptocurrencies offline” in a single “offline computer”. In addition to not using multi-sig and "not us[ing] USB drives, as the online computer may be infected with virus", they also don’t appear to use audits or any form of public verification.
NDAX - “Canada’s most secure trading platform” to "set the standard for the Canadian cryptocurrency industry". While NDax promotes “segregated accounts” and “95-98% of user funds in an offline, multi-signature wallet”, there’s nothing to indicate backing of assets on the platform. While apparently partnered with a Canadian bank, the bank is not revealed. No audit found but at least there’s a full-page risk disclosure and disclaimer. You can sleep peacefully knowing that they’re legally protected, even “for losses suffer(sic) to you as a result of any defaults of by(sic) insolvency of other Users.” What does that even mean? Apparently, even with their industry-record withdrawal fees, they couldn’t afford a legal team with proper grammar.
Newton - Newton was one of the first to announce third party custody. You should give your funds to Newton, because they’ll give them to Balance, and they’ll do this for free! And “[m]ultinational companies trust” Balance. According to the Balance terms, “the digital assets you purchase via the Platform are not protected by any government or other insurance”. "Prospective clients...will hold the entire liability associated with purchasing a Digital Asset Cache™️ and using [Balance] services, potentially including partial or total loss of capital." "Balance does not represent or guarantee that the Balance Platform will be free from loss, corruption, attack, viruses, interference, hacking, or other security intrusion, and Balance disclaims any liability relating thereto." "No data transmission over the Internet can be guaranteed to be 100% secure, and as a result [they] cannot ensure or warrant the security of any information you transmit to [them]." "You are solely responsible for maintaining the confidentiality and security of your Account." If someone else should “[w]ithdraw the digital assets in your DAC to [thei]r external digital wallets as soon as within the same business day.” "Balance shall not be responsible for any losses arising out of the unauthorized or other improper use of your Account." The security of Balance custodianship comes down to (a) proprietary “HSMs” tested by their team of experts are more secure than hardware wallets tested by thousands of teams of experts around the globe, (b) a standardized and documented system of physical security in facilities accessible to a select number of people is superior to a combination of unique physical security, exclusive signing procedure, and complete locational secrecy that could be employed separately by multiple reasonably competent individuals, and (c) placing your trust in the team of Newton, the team of Balance, and the security of a website is more secure than simply trusting a single team to manage the private keys in an offline multi-sig fashion.
While Balance has an extensive page on security and internal controls, I was unable to locate any audit nor verification that the assets on Newton or custodian Balance are actually fully backed against deposits. From the demo page, we can see that Newton has visibility to see their balances on Balance, so at least Dustin and the team can check diligently and make sure they aren’t taken. Why not give some of that visibility to your customers? Why has Newton, which has been a leader in so many other areas (“commission-free”, working to get the best rates, etc…) not been a leader in putting together any level of public visibility to the backing of customer funds on their platform?

Apparent Verification

CoinBerry - CoinBerry uses the best practice of offline multi-sig for the storage of all customer funds, a set-up that, to date, has a breach-less record historically. Assuming the private keys are properly managed by separate trained people, CoinBerry client funds are thus stored in what’s essentially a giant cold storage wallet, with all withdrawals handled and verified by multiple people before being approved. However, this model is still subject to the platform being tricked into releasing funds as may have happened in August 2020. What they haven't done is transparently admitted and explained how the breach occurred, which can be an opportunity to highlight security improvements and help other platforms avoid similar issues. Instead, they've recently purchased insurance to cover future incidents. It's hard to judge from a few excerpts of what’s likely a multi-page (or even a multi-chapter) policy, but it would be the first time that insurance has ever paid out in the history of cryptocurrency. A multi-platform insurance strategy could be cheaper, more comprehensive, and more likely to pay out than third party insurance.
CoinBerry is “trusted by Canadian Municipalities”, a deal that enabled “the first payment of property taxes with Bitcoin in Canadian History”. They reportedly also “undergo annual 3rd party financial statement audits”. From records, these appear to be conducted by the firm MNP which is an accounting firm. CoinBerry has not, however, publicly declared themselves to be “fully-backed”, nor have they published any verification on the backing level of funds on the platform. Rather the audits are “secret”. This is concerning given the large referral bonuses paid out by the platform to new customers (including a popular $25 referral bonus for purchasing $50 of bitcoin), multiple issues with withdrawal delays, including one affecting hundreds of customers earlier this year, and the slow increase to their “fair pricing and industry-leading low fees.” Fees have gone from 0.5% to 1%, to a tiny sentence about “adding a margin, or spread, of between 0% and 2% to the rate offered by [thei]r liquidity sources”. Luckily, they “don’t hide fees across your trading experience.” In case you should sign up and find that (up to 2%) rate to be too high, “[a]ccounts requesting a withdrawal of Fiat or Crypto currency in original form, without conducting a trade will be...charged an account maintenance fee calculated as the larger of $25 or 5% of the total amount requested.” You will also need to pay additional “mining fees for crypto withdrawals”, which significantly exceed typical transaction costs and are only mentioned in the fine print of their fees page. CoinBerry has publicly expressed agreement that you should not store funds on cryptocurrency exchanges including their own. Neither their insurance nor world-class security will do anything whatsoever if their platform goes insolvent.
CoinSquare - CoinSquare has had a rough year, most notably with being publicly declared as having inflated trading volume and having to pay multi-million dollar fines. As usual, the Reddit community was already on top of this and apparently, some staff at the company were even open about it. Ironically, one could argue that their dishonest practice did more to stand up to Quadriga than regulators ever did, may have saved thousands of Canadians from losing their funds, and may even have been a key factor in bringing Quadriga down. It remains to be seen what will become of the shell of one of Canada's oldest exchanges. It would be the ultimate in poetic irony if the actions of the OSC to protect CoinSquare investors ultimately destroyed the full value of their investment. If that plays out, I'm sure they will heap praise on the OSC for so publicly and fragrantly shaming CoinSquare for a practice which was similarly employed on other exchanges globally and which they'd already voluntarily ceased months prior to the conclusion of the 6-figure investigation and 7-figure fines.
That said, CoinSquare already had a lack of visibility into their security practices, which they describe as “100% proprietary”. This would imply the team at CoinSquare is smarter than established security standards by experts all around the world at protecting your funds, contradicting previously reported incidents. They describe “SSL and 2FA”, which are more or less standard features of all exchanges. A “95% cold storage” policy is low compared to many other platforms, and it doesn’t appear to be mentioned whether multi-sig is being employed or not. And of course, their apparent regular audits are not public (allegedly by “a national accounting firm whose identity is protected under an NDA"). They’ve routinely described themselves as solvent rather than fully backed.
Kraken - A kraken is “an enormous mythical sea monster”, and likewise Kraken, the exchange, is enormous, the largest and oldest exchange platform in North America. Kraken recently achieved the momentous accomplishment of becoming the first cryptocurrency exchange to be a regulated bank by completing a charter in the state of Wyoming. Kraken calls itself the “most trusted cryptocurrency exchange” and apparently “provides world class financial stability by maintaining full reserves, healthy banking relationships and the highest standards of legal compliance”. While many individual Kraken customers have been hacked, the platform overall never has, which is an impressive record.
Similarities abound further. According to legend, kraken exist off the coast of Norway. According to alleged court papers, Kraken operated illegally in the state of New York. Should you encounter a kraken, you may be best to leave silently. If you should work at the counter for Kraken, you may be legally silenced. One of the former employees for Kraken alleges wrongful dismissal and that the bank accounts of Kraken are actually running millions of dollars short of where they should have been. But don't worry - Kraken’s website features a Proof of Reserve page, stating that “[o]ver the past several weeks, Kraken has successfully developed and completed an industry-leading, independent, cryptographically-verified audit.” But the page was written in 2014 and among the long list of limitations, the process does not enable any validation on the blockchain. Kraken hasn't done any validation or publishing of reserves in 6 years and counting.
NetCoins - Once upon a time, the cofounder of CoinTrader (sound familiar?) decided to found a new exchange - “Canada’s easiest, most trusted way to buy and sell crypto”. As they say on the FAQ, “[t]rading cryptocurrency is completely safe”. Having your own wallet is “entirely up to you! You can certainly keep cryptocurrency, or fiat, or both, on the app.” “Get verified in minutes!” While comforting to know that parent corporation BIGG Digital Assets is audited by Manning Elliott LLP and they have “[r]eal human beings you can get in touch with easily”, this doesn't make up for no visibility whatsoever into how funds are stored or what portions are backed.

Full Backing Report

There are only two exchanges in Canada meeting these criteria.
BitBuy - BitBuy has operated since 2016, and was the very first to get a “Proof of Reserve and Security Audit Report” from third party CipherBlade. Since that time, they’ve also established themselves as the first company to get two separate third party validations, with the second one from Blockchain Intelligence Group. The platform’s initial operation as a non-custodial “Express Trade” model lends additional credibility. Therefore, with now two independent third party reports, BitBuy maintains the title as the most transparent exchange in Canada.
However, “Bitbuy has moved its existing bitcoin holdings over to Knox”. You now have to trust both teams and platforms for the security of your funds. This is described by them as an “industry leading push for best practices”. Insurance is of course “subject to the full policy terms, conditions and exclusions”. And “Bitbuy will be Knox’s first platform partner”. Knox has never done this before for any other platform. Their security model is “a mouthful for most”, but let’s break down their pitch. They have “air-gapped specialized hardware”. So is a standard typical hardware wallet. It’s running “custom policy logic”, which could be a good or a bad thing depending on the logic. Their logic has probably been vetted by a single team of experts, which is a standard shy of most hardware wallet protocols vetted by thousands of experts globally. They use a “dual-control operational model”, which if you look up dual-control, it actually refers to the fact that the functionality of the module is simultaneously performing actions and being monitored”. It allows one to “experiment with the system so as to learn about its behavior and control it better in the future” which you can decide for yourself if that’s a good thing to have or not in the hardware that controls withdrawals of an active exchange platform. There is “offline transaction processing”, which again is a standard feature of a hardware wallet. “Geographically distinct facilities” is a good idea, though easily achieved by not storing all the private keys in the same place. Saying that the facilities “communicate in a closed network” is an interesting concept. How can you know that a network is closed? If the facilities are close together, they can be breached together. If far apart, someone can get in the middle. The network is no longer closed the moment any part of it is breached. I can go on and on and break down every one of their systems if I have to, but instead, I’ll quote their own security advice about “minimizing the attack surface of the entire key lifecycle”. The minimum attack surface for a private key is having an individual generate it secretly and securely using a process which is vetted by hundreds of security experts around the world, and not relying on a third party to have to control anything to do with that key. This is already available from most standard hardware wallets, with experts debating whether other advanced experts can find a way to extract the key with access to extremely sophisticated equipment and physical access to the hardware. The best and most efficient way to mitigate a weak or corruptible party is through multi-sig where all parties have to sign the transaction. Adding intermediary custodians instead means funds are lost when any one of them is breached, and when using the same in-house hardware as Knox does, any vulnerability on that hardware or supply chain can compromise multiple wallets at once.
Now, insurance. The policy isn’t public on its website. It gives high-level features only. What’s astounding is that “collusion” is considered a break-through, which says a lot about the state of third party insurance in the space. I requested an example policy from their team. Their response was that it was “proprietary” and that they only “go over it with serious buyers”. In other words, no one has visibility to the actual policy details of what’s really covered outside of BitBuy or Knox, and neither party has any incentive to present that information objectively. For now, until someone cares to prove me wrong, I’ll quote their own website, “[m]ost policies covering Bitcoin theft and loss fall short and provide a false sense of security”.
One of the issues with the BitBuy validation is that it offers no visibility whatsoever for customers to know if their balances were included in any of their third-party validations. As such, BitBuy could have excluded any number of customers and passed both verifications with flying colours. That's why it isn’t a full Proof of Reserve. Also, they stopped talking to me again. But I still believe that BitBuy is one of the least worst platforms, now with reserves verified by two separate third parties.
ShakePay - Firstly, congratulations. The formerly trustless raccoon has now got a third party validation - a key step forward. The ShakePay platform is incredibly good at marketing, with the most powerful “Shaking Sats” program to literally get thousands of Canadians to think about buying more cryptocurrency every single day, or at least to pay homage to their great raccoon mascot. More recently, ShakePay completed a security assessment provided by CipherTrace, and added further insurance. CipherTrace found that reserves appeared to be fully backed including extensive analysis of the transactions and provided data.
ShakePay could be upfront that they charge a market spread or list the buy and sell prices. Instead, they promote the service as “no fees” and list only one price for bitcoin or ethereum, the only coins they sell. To find the model you have to click through to a separate page. The spread and pricing information is only ever available from within a registered account. ShakePay does not offer any additional trading functionality or coins.
ShakePay states that the “majority of all digital currencies are stored securely offline”. The CipherBlade report found this ratio was at “93% of Bitcoin and 91% of Ethereum” in cold storage at the time of the report, though it “var[ies] periodically to some degree throughout the day”. The report refers to a “multi-signature wallet interface”, which they later call a “service to access its sending and receiving multi-signature wallets”, which apparently also “does not have control over cryptocurrency in the hot wallets”. This part doesn’t exactly make sense, as one would most likely consider “access” to a “sending” function as “control”. Apparently, this “not mentioned” service is “without any known security risks” and there are also “redundancy measures” in place as well. Whatever that means in the context of irreversible transactions is a mystery.
However, the majority of funds are no longer stored with ShakePay but have now been given to an undisclosed “trust company registered under the NYDFS”. The “variety of security protocols” in place here include “address whitelisting”, the only policy they are willing to disclose publicly “for security reasons”. While ShakePay won’t identify the third party, “CipherBlade can confidently conclude that Shakepay controls these cold wallets” even though “they are controlled by [the] cold storage provider” and “the cold storage provider ultimately holds the private keys”. ShakePay does receive “an account statement” “which includes applicable wallet addresses and balances held” and “[d]ata found on the blockchain was also in line with information found on these statements.” It will be interesting to see in one of many “quite unlikely” events what “the cold storage provider’s policy and Shakepay’s own policy” would cover, given that the details of both policies are completely secret. Luckily, “[t]he vast majority of Shakepay customers who purchase cryptocurrency on the Shakepay platform withdraw it promptly thereafter.”
It’s important to note that this report is not a Proof nor an Audit (as originally named). “The reviewer is not a professional accountant, and CipherBlade has not performed a professional financial audit or an audit of internal controls and expresses no assurance on the accounting records of Shakepay.” ShakePay was happy to remove “audit” but they still continue to insist on calling this a “proof”, when it’s not. They claim “Proof of Reserves can have a variety of setups” and they cited Nic Carter’s blog post, which also listed all the criteria for the proof, which they did not meet. In discussion with Nic (who is amazingly open to chat), he’s agreed “what they are doing is not a full PoR” and he “didn’t believe it would be a widely consulted thing - [he] was mostly doing it to encourage custodians to take PoR seriously”. The point of a “proof” and why it’s called a “proof” is because it leaves no doubt. A Proof of Reserve needs to prove the reserves - that funds exist on the blockchain, are spendable by the platform, and fully back the assets of any customer who bothers to check. ShakePay’s does not.

Proof of Reserves

Presently all platforms in Canada have refused to provide visibility to the public blockchain entries backing funds on their platform. They have refused to sign a proof of spendability for any funds they control. All claims and verifications have been against customer lists provided by the platform with no ability for any customers to validate they were included. This is a recipe for more Gerald Cottens and Dave Smillies.
I understand Proof of Reserve is not practical for all platforms. I was able to come up with an alternative that doesn’t require public blockchain visibility, could be implemented today using reputable third parties, and effectively validates all customers are included.

How We Could Have Safe Exchange Platforms In Canada

The first and largest issue has always been a lack of transparency. Far more funds have been lost to fraudulent platforms and wallet services than hacks. Honest platforms need to be giving greater visibility and certainty to their customers to make fraud obvious.
Secondly, no platform employing offline storage and multi-sig has ever been breached. We need to agree on the basic standards of what it takes to keep assets secure and create an environment where best practices are shared instead of hidden between platforms.
And thirdly, third party insurance incentivizes high fees, it limits coverage, and it does everything possible to avoid a payout. We need an organized insurance strategy that is run by platform operators and overseen with the full protection of Canadians in mind.


What’s possible is exciting, but not guaranteed. There are a lot of irreversibly horrible futures which are even more likely if we merely sit back and watch.
submitted by azoundria2 to QuadrigaInitiative [link] [comments]

Alienware 15 r3 - multiple questions, please help :D

Hello guys, I have an 15 r3 for a while now, 6700hq gtx 1070 and I have multiple questions, you can pick any question you don't have to answer to all of them
Question 1
The voltage CPU control got locked not due to bios but due to some windows, driver, chipset update cause I was able to use it on the same bios as now some months before but one day it just got greyed out, either way because it's winter I am fine with 94 degrees Celsius in Rust core 0. So this is not really a question but just saying, greyed out cpu controls I think are driver, windows related more.
Question 2
Intel Guard extensions yada yada, off or on? In bios I mean. Simple answer, I don't use this computer to do safe transactions or whatever and I maybe have my credit card on steam and that's it. I had them on, now I have them off and I woke up today to a 2 Red- 4 BLue bad memory code and I was thinking maybe it is related, is it?
Question 3
Cpu performance mode off or on in bios?
Question 4
Today I woke up only to look stupefied to my laptop doing 2 Red, 4 Blues in the power logo (experienced from the past when the bios got corrupted and somehow with the help of GOD and a dude from a forum I managed with my own two hands to rewrite the bios chip straight on the motherboard, the laptop was completely dead)
Now, I fixed the issue by removing the battery cable, pressing the power button (to release static electricity(, removing the ram, switching places, tested with google chrome if it goes over 8 gb of ram utilization with multiple tabs open and it did so I think the ram is okay. What was that about though? Why did I get a faulty ram bios code? Can it be related to Intel Safe Guard Extensions off in bios?
Question 5
Latest bios 2.0 or whatever, worthy? Temps? Cpu utilization? I just feel like this CPU could do a lot more if it ran stable but somehow it just throttles itself to death only to go cause frame drops 2 min later cause it needs to go at 2.6ghz, instead of running steady 3.1 all over it just goes 3.1ghz in 3 and maybe 3.4ghz in the 4'th core and that causes spikes back to 2.6. Whenever they send updates lately I read them and it's like "security upgrade yada yada" bro...security? what? My last 2 brain cells can protect themselves online, I don't get this "security" but at the same time, probably 25% of the AW's at some point were undercover bitcoin miners.
Question 6
Any upgrade tips and tricks? I was planning to keep this old boy cause it's my first Alienware and I fell in love with it dunno why, it's exactly a love hate relationship, it's like a Bmw only that the Bmw is shit in the winter and good in the summer and the Aw is the other way. Like I was thinking to change the mobo with a newer one, or dunno, like if I manage to keep survive with it until the middle part of 2021 and there's no civil war or nuclear war until then or Covid 25, cause I feel like this old boy will just die until then or Dell will kill it through windows updates, and it will simply fry its cpu or gpu cause they want more money and I was under impression that this just happened when I woke up with 2 Red - 4 Blue code today, like they managed to block now the voltage control (Apple strategy) probably to decrease the cpu lifespan of older models like mine, and I don't wanna leave it dead for good. Sorry for my broken english. Is it possible to change the mobo? Like to buy a mobo with a gtx 2060 on it and a newer cpu and stick it inside? Is it worth it? I am kinda gaming on a budget though and this AW wasn't brand new.

Question 7
This laptop felt like always it has been there, it always ran, it always performed but lately I feel like it's nearing his life, I don't wanna lose it, I neither wanna change it for at least 6months-1 years, if it were to switch sides what exact model would you recomend from the competitors? Asus? MSI? Lenovo?

Kind regards,
Cristian
In a love hate relationship with an 15 r3.
submitted by cristiansuparatu to Alienware [link] [comments]

Family law IT criminals

Their father recently worked for the local internet company and decided to spy on me. He has admitted it openly. I don't have perfect evidence but enough harassing and threatening text messages stating he knows everything and he doesn't care. He made comments that only you would know if you had read all my emails. I lost a lot of evidence after, I lost the online accounts. I could not seem to share any data from Mobile to computer and it was impossible to connect to any printers. I went to a few stores hoping that I could print off from Dropbox or an email but I realized that their security system was not having it and I was possibly risking their printers.
He later quit the internet company to work for the electric company and a little for Microsoft .
Once he spied on me long enough that he felt he had enough dirt on me. Enough to blackmail me to raise my child support to a unaffordable an unreasonable amount. When I already paid 100% for the children and paid a good amount of child support every month to him when I had them 40% of the time . I could not afford to pay it.
Which then gave him more reasons to be more agressive and threatening towards children and I. His famous lines were, You don't pay you don't see them! So I give him whatever I could afford at that moment on top of everything else. So they could be their mother and grandparents in peace and a moment without fear of their father. He decided to kidnap my younger one during the summer right before I was going to take her on her summer vacation with a girlfriend and brother. I would have always had her that summer month. I knew she was going to be forced to stay in a basement while everybody had fun and even worse he would take the phone from the children even if I purchase and financially supplied it. My children have been going through domestic violence mentally and somewhat physically their entire life.
The day of the trial hearing, I had denial of service attack. Which is where I could not get Wi-Fi nor data on mobile. That I have always paid for.
Which made it so my alarm didn't go off and I was late for trail hearing! The judge said we are going to get a guardian of alliance to see if I go to jail for all the ridiculous untruthful contempt hearings we had for a stretch of 8 months. We never even had a parenting plan. The judge insisted in courts insisted we did.
The GAL said the children would be safe with me if I was more stable. got the children need to spend more time with me which surprised me because she was not nice to me in the beginning she had her mind made up about me but she could see that the children and I were very close. She recommended that the children live with my parents because I removed around too much. I was unsure why she said that but when you search me and do a background check it says online it I have about 7 more addresses than I actually never lived at. She basically stated everything I had been trying to prove to the courts was true! She stated multiple times that our kids were not safe with him and his wife. Why would they go out of their way to hire one if they weren't going to listen to her?
My son , 17 yrs, even went to court and filed for two restraining orders & provided proof of physical abuse and he to was denied. The judge did not seem to feel as if there was any abuse .
I received a call from my children's father right before our trial. I was hoping you wanted to discuss the children. Or even better call his son that he had been neglecting for 6 months. He refused to go back to his house. After he was physical attacked his father and wife. After picking up his phone call I noticed that he wasn't actually on the line and from the receiving end I could hear loud sounds of screeching computers. Similar to a fax machine nose. I that something bad might have happened because I know the type of person he is. I'm sure what to do, I just moved on.
I would like to make this shorter than it needs to be so I don't bore anybody who is still reading thank you.
Shortly after that I lost all my online accounts and had a brute Force attack.
My last pass and keeper did not help me either because I couldn't reach them. Or because they chose not to help me. I did notice the last time I was able to access my password manager that some of my accounts were changed. My passwords had turned into my social security number. Which I would never do! So my identity, and any form of privacy,and all my digital work, art and memories are gone. my whole digital Life. I worked online so I could be closer and home with my children. I truly loved it. So that was the issue for me I lost my online business and all my inventory I had already shipped off to the warehouses.
My son who is in high school lost a lot of his hard work and the Mac, I recently purchased for.
I could not access our router majority of the time. while my internet company, where he used to work decided to lie and not help me and said there's no such thing as a network hack.
I could not use my cellular data or Wi-Fi for 2 months. then it was just periodically sometimes I could connect sometimes I could not to my electronics. I lived in a very large home at the time. Majority of the family and roommates still could use the internet on some of their devices. I was the target the victim of this new attack.
I was panicking trying to reach my customers, the company that I subcontracted for but unfortunately I was redirected to spammers every time!
I ended up having to use all of my financial savings to pay rent and buy more mobile devices a new computer and any type of internet security I could possibly fine in a very small town. I could not buy anything else online I had too many online fraud charges that I was continuously fighting at the time. I could not use the vpns I always would get a server error and the antiviruses somehow were rerouted and I would continuously be locked out.
The new electronics I bought would be compromised and controlled within minutes to a day or two. thanks to the smart technology, Internet of things, and local routers . My family can't even reach out for help. With their hack devices. Some of my family members realized that their computer was compromised and replaced it but still too confused to recognize the problems. Internet services with the same local internet company I did. They are constantly having slow connections being overcharged, and additional charges like voice over IP .
I've purchased at least 10 phones in the last year. My cell phone companies either have no clue or ignored me or treatme as If I was a terrorist, who was just begging to get help controlling my data and my children's baby photos.
I've gone through over a hundred new emails . Since I kept losing access to them. Even though I had the password written down in front of me!! I had DNS poisoning so majority of the websites were outdated with viruses. redirected into a html script. I still can't seem to navigate online at all without getting a server error sometimes I can't even access Court forms. My mobile server which unfortunately is not the server that I paid for. Can't always find Wacourt.gov & washingtonhelp.org
I can't seem to talk to a lawyer that I've been approved for multiple times through the Northwest Justice project. For my mobile phone will consistently hang up. I can't call the non emergency 911. My emails don't go through or usually blocked by lost email services and always somehow blacklisted! The websites I visit seem to be cloned in insecure. My JavaScript would not give me access to majority of the security settings in all my browsers. There's always new extensions and apps and open source licenses for untrustworthy certificates being downloaded especially when I have to go back to that community to see my daughter for the courts have just changed things once again. In the past i cannot turn on or off family sharing when I didn't even have a family connected to that mobile device. Can't turn off USB tethering and Google pay and apple wallets have multiple transactions, not by me. PayPal is somehow connected to a new phone number of mine by an email that's similar to my name but it's not mine. I cannot turn on or off these settings for they are lightened out and unavailable for my electronic device. Sim card & ip always changed.
5000 $ in back child support when the courts knew that I could not afford to pay it and when I tried to fight it they would raise my pay and lower his it was not based off the Washington State child support worksheet. 6000$ in international charges hit my credit report along with new phone numbers, Nick names emails and home addresses. I Cant reach for help with the credit unions like Equifax. When my device have so much static white nose and then lose connection. If I try to connect my email account to a computer. It will say I need a physical key to access it. as if I set it up myself. when every computer I own now Is broke or has locked me out.
I gave up but was sad because I could not keep tabs or communicate with my children. unless I borrowed a phone. They mapped out my family and contacts so if I were to borrow a phone and try to reach out for help I usually reached spam or foreign hotline or got disconnected.
Then the locals were acting strange. Like sitting outside our house taking photos of us. Items were stolen off our property. When we were out of town. Then the landlord had strange men over pretending to fix things that didn't need to be fixed, installing pipes underground , laying down new soil& having some Wi-Fi farming company working in our yard at 5:00 a.m. I also notice a few times the electric companies employee's were messing with our power boxes, in the middle of the night . Then My my photos came out extremely bright. Almost as if there was someone photoshopping lightning in the background that's how bad it was it gets worse are our family videos look like we lived in a microwave oven.
I know it's very strange! I do have evidence. After I moved out I went to a place that was even closer to my children's father not by choice but because this experience made me semi homeless.
If I would get a new router for that home. my children's father would come over take the phone he had purchased my daughter when he started taking me Superior Court. For a parenting plan we never had! Anyways he demanded her phone said he needed to put some new passwords in it within hours of the router change. When I would purposely break the router his electric company would show up before the internet cable company would. Not surprised to see them across the street fixing the power lines.
I bought our daughter a new phone for when she comes to my new home. He reports to the courts that I stole it from her and won't let her have it back when she never wanted it for he didn't provide data. Every time he's upset he turns around and puts another restraining order on me and our daughter. she gets only 5 gb and ends up with no data within a couple days and has to use Wi-Fi all the time. I did not have Wi-Fi so why not buy her another phone when she's in my new home.
Going a few months back,
Apple finally told me they couldn't help me with the iPhone because it was a government issue. I thought that was hilarious for I didn't do anything wrong unless the person who was using my accounts did. I figured it would pass I mean if you're under an investigation. it would only be for a few months right ? Not two years ! well nothing happened I mean there was no reason for anything to happen. I noticed that the police were driving by the old house a lot. Then I thought maybe it must have been my roommate they might be after. Then why am I the one who lost everything and is dealing with network abuse. My roommate was in a bad guy he did have a bit of a criminal history but nothing considered to be violent maybe just a couple drunken stupid events.
Then during the process of moving my children and roommates out of the house.while driving my car mysteriously blew up because of some electrical issue. Luckily the children were not in the car. There were no warnings & no issues with the car. It took the fire department about two minutes to find me but it was totaled. I could not afford to fix it or have a mechanic look at that time. Then somebody I did not know had it towed and I lost it.
the next house that I temporary was staying at. I was in the router settings I could not seem to get in there very often for the site would never load. I saw it was being port forwarding to a local Bitcoin mining pool!! Before I could screenshot it. I received another server error .
He continues to harass me and threaten me or he knows everything we do in our own privacy, our own bedrooms, where we're going, who we're going with, how much money says he's recording everything. It seems to know everything before I can even share it with a girlfriend.
Now He's throwing everything against me in The family Court and continues to commit perjury while I have proved him wrong multiple times but still aren't getting the protection and respect in this local small town courtroom! I have currently moved to Spokane Washington to get away from this! I do the traveling for the judge says that until I mental health diagnosis hair follicle test I am not allowed to take my daughter from to Spokane Washington. he gave me a month's time and then he says he's going to take all rights away ! Till then he is Requiring me to stay with my children at my parents home. When she is Sun's 18 now. She almost fully grown she is going to be 15 a week. Can't she have a say in who she feels safe enough to live with? that is fine I will do anything for my daughter even though it's pretty unfair that I have to pay for it all myself when they know I have no job or I've been constantly fighting this battle and keeping a phone that will keep a safe connection. when him and his wife both have huge histories of assault and domestic violence and drug charges I have no criminal history no drug history . I need some sort of help so he can't keep destroying every electronics. after calling my daughter when I do get a new phone number I start l receiving spam and scripts over SMS and once I go to my parents more and more viruses are downloaded. Why are we being dragged into this non-stop I want to be able to get a job and move forward not sit here and fight their viruses then more court dates with continuous false claims Non-Stop petti drama!
I've been told multiple times by a few computer companies and files that I have some sort of invisible beacon. How ?
The Seattle times paper has reported that the local electric company and crypto miners are being punished for unauthorized usage of other families in the small town electricity for maximum power leaving us in an unsafe situation to build more cryptocurrency .
submitted by u-turnshe to u/u-turnshe [link] [comments]

GameMax GM-1650 1650W 80 Plus Gold Power Supply with 14cm Fan - Black £85.80 at Amazon

The description of this deal was not provided by this subreddit and it's contributors.
£85.80 - CCLOnline
Product Description
Game Max 12V ATX 1650w power SUPPLY used for bitcoin mining and ethereum ETH mining 8 GPU. A channel independent + 12V Output, power factor up to 1650w 80 Plus Gold high conversion efficiency, The typical load efficiency up to 90%. A large 140mm fan structure, intelligent temperature control, large air volume, ultra mute function mature APFC + and double forward technology, the most green and environmentally friendly power source: high power, high efficiency and full RoHS craft radiation. The applicability of the strongest power: full power input, support multiple high-power quad-core CPU's, support for 6 graphics card, high-performance motherboard graphics cards and other devices.
key features
efficiency exceed 88% at 220V (Gold 90% Designed basis)
thermal control technology
protection circuitry offer: OVP/ OPP/ SCP/ OCP/ UVP/ otp
100% burn-in under ambient temperature up to 45 degrees
100% high voltage test under AC 1.5Kv 10mA 3 seconds
standby power Less than 1W, low power consumption ripple and silent.
Troubleshooting steps:
  1. Please make sure that you once you have connected the mains power cable, that you switch the manual power button to 1 from 0 located next to the power input.
  2. Make sure the 4+4 Pin 12V connection is plugged into either the 4-PIN or 8-PIN CPU Power Input on your motherboard, in addition to the main 20+4 Pin Connector. This will be 4-Pin or 8-Pin dependant on your motherboard. Your system will appear not to work without this connected.
  3. Check AC power input. Make sure the cord is firmly seated in the wall socket and in the power supply socket. Try a different cord.
  4. Check DC power connections. Make sure the motherboard and disk drive power connectors are firmly seated and making good contact. Check for loose screws.
  5. Check installed peripherals. Remove all boards and drives and retest the system. If it works, add back in items one at a time until the system fails again. The last item added before the failure returns is likely defective.
    Box Contains
    Power Supply
    Screws
    Features & details
    Efficiency exceed 88% at 220V (Gold 90% designed basis)
    Thermal control technology
    Protection circuitry offer: OVP / OPP / SCP / OCP / UVP / OTP
    100% burn-in under ambient temperature up to 45 degrees
    100% high voltage test under AC 1.5KV 10mA 3 Seconds
    Rate Power : 1536Watt
    Product information GM 1650W
    Brand GameMax
    Product Dimensions 15 x 18 x 8.5 cm; 2.85 Kilograms
    Item model number GM-1650
    Manufacturer Game Max
    Color Black
    Wattage 850 watts
    Are Batteries Included No
    Item Weight 2.85 kg
    Additional Information
    ASIN: B075SK5S5K
    Customer Reviews: 4.4 out of 5 stars 805Reviews
    Best Sellers Rank: 39,664 in Computers & Accessories (See Top 100 in Computers & Accessories)
    321 in Power Supplies
    Date First Available: 19 Sept. 2017
    Warranty & Support
Amazon.com Return Policy: Regardless of your statutory right of withdrawal, you enjoy a 30-day right of return for many products. For exceptions and conditions, see Return details.
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Bitcoin Mining-Hardware (ASICs) sind hochspezialisierte Computer, die zum Mining von Bitcoins verwendet werden. Die ASIC-Industrie ist komplex und wettbewerbsfähig geworden. Mining-Hardware ist nur noch dort zu finden, wo es billigen Strom gibt. Ein Bitcoin Mining Rechner ist ein Online-Calculator, der dir sagt, wie viele Bitcoin du mit einem bestimmten Mining-Gerät in einem konkreten Zeitraum verdienen würdest. Bitcoin Mining ist der Prozess, mit dem neue Bitcoin ausgegeben und Bitcoin-Transaktionen validiert werden, hier erhältst du alle Infos über Bitcoin Mining . Bitcoin Mining ist das neue Goldschürfen: Als Miner, also Schürfer, verdienen Sie virtuelles Geld dafür, dass Sie Ihre Rechnerleistung zur Verfügung stellen. Allerdings ist hierfür so einiges ... Originally, Bitcoin’s creator intended for Bitcoin to be mined on CPUs (your laptop or desktop computer). However, Bitcoin miners discovered they could get more hashing power from graphic cards. Graphic cards were then surpassed by ASICs (Application Specific Integrated Circuits). Think of a Bitcoin ASIC as specialized Bitcoin mining computers, Bitcoin mining machines, or “bitcoin ... Yes, in 2020 there currently is mining software that allows users to mine for Bitcoin on laptops. However, mining directly on Bitcoin’s network with a laptop will almost certainly produce unprofitable mining results. If you want to earn any Bitcoin at all with a computer these days, you’ll have to use additional laptop Bitcoin mining software.

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How To Mine Bitcoin On PC, Mac, Or Linux - YouTube

Bitcoin Mining in 4 Minutes - Computerphile - Duration: 4 ... Transform a Damaged Laptop into an ALL-IN-ONE desktop PC - Duration: 17:17. DIY Perks ... About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators ... A very simple video tutorial showing you how to get started mining Bitcoin using your regular Windows desktop or Laptop computer. In this guide I'll take you... How to set up a bitcoin miner 100% FREE Earn bitcoin without mining - https://goo.gl/Mzfoww In this video i will help you how to earn from Bitcoin Mining Ear... In this episode of Crypto Miner Tips, we go over how to get started Bitcoin Mining with a PC. However, the mining software mentioned in this tutorial can be ...

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